In the early part of this year, Los Angeles has started using chloramines for disinfecting its drinking water rather than chlorine which it has been using for several years. You might be thinking that this is a newer technique but actually this type of technique has been used in various municipalities several years back as per the information of Illinois American Water. But the fact is most of the people are curious enough to know whether disinfecting drinking water with chloramine is safe or not. Oceanic provides you with proper information.
What is Chloramine?
So, first of all you need to have a concept of chloramine. Water treatment plant in Kolkata manufacture chloramines by mixing ammonia with
chlorine. Water contains three inorganic chloramines in water namely monochloramine, dichloramine and trichloramine. Monochloramine among them is mostly effective.
Chloramines stay active for longer time in water than chlorine. It also produces less Disinfection Byproducts than chlorine like haloacetic acids,
chloroform, bromate and chlorite etc. These byproducts are produced due to reaction with organic matter. Chloramine not only helps in inactivating viruses and bacteria or preventing infectious diseases such as hepatitis, cholera and typhoid, it also assures you that you are in less risk in case of these byproducts. Chloramine levels should be kept below 4 milligrams per liter in order to disinfect drinking water.
Is Chlorine harmful for my health, my family and pets?
If the chloramine level is kept below the MCL, then there is no risk. Chloramines have contributed a lot for improving public health by protecting all of us against various illness and death from contaminated water. Well there are certain harmful effects that can be faced by fish and other aquatic pets. But for human beings there is no risk.
Why to remove chloramine from drinking water?
The main reason for removing chloramine from drinking water is because of its taste and odour. You can find resemblance with that of the water of a swimming pool. There are many people who do not want to drink, use or bathe in chlorinated water as it reminds them of a swimming pool.
Chloramine is difficult to filter as most of the charcoal filters does not possess the necessary surface area that is required to absorb traits of the disinfectant.
Patients having kidney dialysis must be careful from these chemical disinfectants like chloramine. People suffering from diseases of liver and kidney and urea cycle disorders have a great risk of getting ammonia toxicity from chloraminated water.